Satoyama-Satoumi Ecosystems and Human Well-Being

Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes of Japan

image of Satoyama-Satoumi Ecosystems and Human Well-Being
This publication analyses changes which have occured in satoyama-satoumi ecosystems over the last 50 years and identifies plausible future scenarios for the year 2050 taking into account various drivers such as governmental and economic policy, climate change, technology and socio-behavioural responses. This provides a new approach to landuse planning that addresses not only economic development but also cultural values and ecological integrity. This book is a key reference text for development planners, postgraduate students, policymakers, scientists and others interested in the environment and development.



Hokushinetsu cluster

The Hokushinetsu cluster covers the region on the Sea of Japan side (Fukui, Ishikawa, Toyama and Niigata Prefectures) commonly known as Hokuriku and the inland area of Central Japan (Nagano Prefecture) known as Shinshu. The total area mass is 3,880,000 ha. The Tsushima Warm Current flows northward along the coasts of Sea of Japan and the seasonal winds from the Asian Continent run into approximately 3,000 metre high mountains behind the coast. This condition brings frequent and heavy rain and snow. The cluster houses various climatic divisions from warm temperature zones (low land) to cold zones (alpine), and acts as a transition zone from a warm temperature zone to a cold zone. The climate of Hokuriku is mild with abundant annual precipitation with heavy snow in winters. Regional differences between Hokushinetsu and metropolitan areas widened when the capital and people moved to metropolitan cities on the Pacific Ocean side during and after the rapid economic growth of the 1960s. Depopulation and the ageing of the population are serious problems in this cluster. The national population ageing rate is at 22.7 per cent, whereas Hokushinetsu is at 25.3 per cent (7,605,000 people), Ishikawa Prefecture is at 23.4 per cent and Noto region is at 33.5 per cent (2009).


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