Satoyama-Satoumi Ecosystems and Human Well-Being

Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes of Japan

image of Satoyama-Satoumi Ecosystems and Human Well-Being
This publication analyses changes which have occured in satoyama-satoumi ecosystems over the last 50 years and identifies plausible future scenarios for the year 2050 taking into account various drivers such as governmental and economic policy, climate change, technology and socio-behavioural responses. This provides a new approach to landuse planning that addresses not only economic development but also cultural values and ecological integrity. This book is a key reference text for development planners, postgraduate students, policymakers, scientists and others interested in the environment and development.




Satoyama is a Japanese term for a mosaic of different ecosystem types – secondary forests, farm lands, irrigation ponds and grasslands – along with human settlements, which has been managed to produce bundles of ecosystem services for human well-being. Satoyama found largely in rural and periurban areas of Japan is a way of life; in other words a classical illustration of the symbiotic interaction between ecosystems and humans. This concept has been recently extended to satoumi, which constitutes marine and coastal ecosystems. However, the amount and quality of satoyama and satoumi have been rapidly declining due to various factors including increased rural–urban migration, land-use conversion and the abandonment of traditional agricultural cultivation. If this trend continues, vital services provided by satoyama and satoumi will be adversely affected.


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