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Sourcebook of Opportunities for Enhancing Cooperation among the Biodiversity-Related Conventions at National and Regional Levels

image of Sourcebook of Opportunities for Enhancing Cooperation among the Biodiversity-Related Conventions at National and Regional Levels

This Sourcebook was developed as part of a UNEP project funded by the European Union and the Government of Switzerland that aimed to provide NFPs and other stakeholders with options to achieve enhanced implementation through strengthened cooperation. It focuses on six global Conventions: the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS); the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES); the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar Convention); the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (WHC); the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA); and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).

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The strategic plan for biodiversity 2011-2020, the aichi biodiversity targets and NBSAPs

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plans (NBSAPs) are the principal instruments for implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) at the national level. The CBD requires countries to prepare a national biodiversity strategy (or equivalent instrument) and to ensure that this strategy is mainstreamed into the planning and activities of all those sectors whose activities can have an impact (positive and negative) on biodiversity (Article 6 CBD). As such, NBSAPs thereby shouldn’t be understood as a single document or product, but as a process, in which the level of governmental and non-governmental stakeholder engagement and participation is a key element for its success or failure. It should also be noted that in addition to the national level, biodiversity strategies are also being developed and implemented at the sub-national and regional levels.

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