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Sourcebook of Opportunities for Enhancing Cooperation among the Biodiversity-Related Conventions at National and Regional Levels

image of Sourcebook of Opportunities for Enhancing Cooperation among the Biodiversity-Related Conventions at National and Regional Levels

This Sourcebook was developed as part of a UNEP project funded by the European Union and the Government of Switzerland that aimed to provide NFPs and other stakeholders with options to achieve enhanced implementation through strengthened cooperation. It focuses on six global Conventions: the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS); the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES); the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar Convention); the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (WHC); the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA); and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).

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Project summary

Over the past decades, numerous Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) have been adopted. Most of these agreements have been developed and adopted in isolation from each other, resulting in a complex web of member state obligations. These obligations are at times duplicative, and difficult to implement in a coherent manner. In addition, the programmes of work of MEA host institutions are in many cases not fully coordinated with those of the MEAs. Furthermore, the administrative arrangements governing the operations of the MEAs Secretariats do not fully address potential synergies regarding administrative functions among themselves and vis a vis the host institutions. The international community has therefore increasingly called for synergies between MEAs, with the specific aim of making national implementation of the resulting obligations and the associated capacity needs more coherent and effective.

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