State of World Population 2001

Footprints and Milestones - Population and Environmental Change

image of State of World Population 2001

Each year since 1978, UNFPA has issued a report highlighting new developments in population. Human activity is altering the planet on an unprecedented scale, the report points out. More people are using more resources with more intensity and leaving a bigger footprint on the earth than ever before. This report examines the close links between environmental conditions, population trends and prospects for alleviating poverty in developing countries. It finds that expanding women’s opportunities and ensuring their reproductive health and rights are critically important, both to improve the well-being of growing human populations and to protect the natural world.

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Global agreements on human rights, environment and development, reproductive health and gender equality

The international consensus agreements of the 1990s, themselves advisory rather than binding, are grounded in legally binding human rights treaties: the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (adopted in 1948); the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (which entered into force in 1976); the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1976); the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women of (1981); and the Convention on the Rights of the Child (1990).

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