Sustainability Science

A Multidisciplinary Approach

image of Sustainability Science
Sustainability science is an academic discipline that emerged in response to threats to the sustainability of the global environment. Its purpose is to help build a sustainable society by developing solutions to climate change, the exhaustion of resources, ecological destruction and other environmental crises that threaten the future of humanity. Sustainability science seeks comprehensive, integrated solutions to complex problems and a restructuring of education and research that spans multiple disciplines. It demands the development of policies that protect the natural and cultural diversity of different regions and promotes the physical and economic health of their inhabitants. This volume offers approaches to the development of a transdisciplinary perspective that embraces natural, social and human sciences in the quest for a sustainable society. It also strives for a global perspective while incorporating the wisdom and experience of local societies.



The application of ontology engineering to biofuel problems

One of the most cited definitions of ontology is “an explicit and formal specification of a conceptualization” (Gruber, 1993: 199). Through conceptualization, relevant concepts are identified to explicitly describe a phenomenon in a formal machine-readable language. There are many applications of ontology engineering, such as building semantic web systems (Sabou et al., 2005), facilitating knowledge management (Brandt et al., 2008), supporting the integrated assessment of agricultural systems (Van Ittersum et al., 2008), structuring knowledge for sustainability science (Kumazawa et al., 2009) and developing a task-oriented mobile service navigation system (Sasajima et al., 2009).


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