Waste Management during the COVID-19 Pandemic

From Response to Recovery

image of Waste Management during the COVID-19 Pandemic

The report reviews the existing practices of healthcare waste management under the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic and to identify best available or appropriate waste management practices that are operationally and technically in line with local conditions. The report considers various approaches, identifies best practices and technologies, and provides recommendations for policy-makers and practitioners to improve waste management during the COVID-19. Drawing insight from numerous consultations, the report gives particular attention to developing countries and cities, which may already lack adequate waste management.




The outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in late 2019 is far more than a global health crisis. It is affecting our societies and economies and has had a deep impact on our everyday lives. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the COVID-19 outbreak as a pandemic in March 2020 (WHO, 2020), and the number of victims is still rapidly spreading across the world. Johns Hopkins University reported that the latest number of COVID-19 cases globally is more than 17 million with global deaths of 677,538 (as of 1st August 2020, Johns Hopkins University and Medicine). While protecting lives and recovery of livelihoods are at the core of national and local policies and actions, proper management of waste, including of household, healthcare, and other hazardous waste, is an essential civic service to minimize possible secondary impacts upon health and the environment.


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