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World Economic and Social Survey 2016

Climate Change Resilience - An Opportunity for Reducing Inequalities

image of World Economic and Social Survey 2016
This edition of the World Economic and Social Survey contributes to the debate on the implementation challenges of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. In addressing the specific challenge of building resilience to climate change, the Survey focuses attention on the population groups and communities that are disproportionately affected by climate hazards. It argues that, in the absence of transformative policies which coherently address the economic, social and environmental dimensions of development, building climate resilience will remain elusive and poverty and inequalities will worsen. To the extent that the differential impact of climate hazards on people and communities is determined largely by the prevalence of multiple inequalities in respect of the access to resources and opportunities, policies aimed at building climate resilience provide an opportunity to address the structural determinants of poverty and inequality in their multiple dimensions.

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Enhanced cooperation for climate-resilient development

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is a universal instrument that recognizes the importance of the contribution of all countries to achieving the goal of sustainable development, including through support to developing countries, particularly the most vulnerable among them. As discussed in chapter I of the present Survey, a significant component of the vulnerability of many developing countries, in particular low-income countries, is associated with their exposure and susceptibility to climate hazards. Left unattended, this vulnerability will make it difficult to achieve climate resilience as well as other development goals, especially those related to poverty and inequality reduction, food security, and improved nutrition and health.

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