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After Oppression

Transitional Justice in Latin America and Eastern Europe

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The decline of authoritarianism in Latin America and Eastern Europe marked the end of a dark chapter in the history of these societies. In both regions, transition to democracy was accompanied by distinct efforts to come to terms with the traumatic experiences of the past and to demand accountability from the oppressors. The impact of these efforts rippled far beyond national boundaries, expanding the frontiers of international justice, and yielding indelible lessons and inspiration.

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Justice and accountability mechanisms in Bulgaria in the transition period (1989-2008)

Transitional justice has become an issue in Bulgaria in the course of its “change” from Communism to democracy since 1989. The Communist regime had been established in the country in the mid-1940s and lasted for more than four decades. During that period there were a number of human rights violations and, after the change, society faced the question of recognizing responsibility and making amends. Logically these issues raised the need to know more about what was actually done, why and for what reason. Therefore the disclosure of secret service dossiers and the screening of public figures and candidates for public positions became important topics. The question of lustration was part of that discussion as well.

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