After Oppression

Transitional Justice in Latin America and Eastern Europe

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The decline of authoritarianism in Latin America and Eastern Europe marked the end of a dark chapter in the history of these societies. In both regions, transition to democracy was accompanied by distinct efforts to come to terms with the traumatic experiences of the past and to demand accountability from the oppressors. The impact of these efforts rippled far beyond national boundaries, expanding the frontiers of international justice, and yielding indelible lessons and inspiration.



El Salvador: The peace process and transitional justice

This chapter explores the process of transition to democracy in El Salvador. After 12 years of civil war, the signing of the Peace Accords of 1992 allowed for the simultaneous development of three transitions: from war to peace, from militarism to demilitarization, and from authoritarianism to democracy (Córdova Macías, 1996). Both the nature and the challenges of the transitions of countries that are emerging from internal armed conflict are different and could be characterized as “war transitions” (Torres-Rivas, 2004; Zamora, 2001).


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