1887

Conscientious Objection to Military Service

image of Conscientious Objection to Military Service
This publication addresses sensitive topics such as selective conscientious objection to particular wars, conscientious objection for those who have volunteered to serve in the armed forces and conscientious objection for those in the reserves. For persons who are or may be conscripted into the armed forces, this book specifies issues relating to their right to know their rights in due time and the applicable procedures, decision-making processes for dealing with applications, and the requirements of a fair and impartial procedure. Concerning alternative service to military service for conscientious objectors, this book addresses the difference in treatment between non-combatant alternative service and civilian alternative service, as well as the length and conditions of alternative service and under what circumstances they may be different from the length and conditions of military service.

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Introduction

This publication brings together applicable international standards and jurisprudence relating to conscientious objection to military service. It does not purport to set or establish standards. The publication also addresses the implementation of alternative service to military service for those States that have established programmes of this kind. As questions have often arisen as to how in practice States implement conscientious objection to military service and programmes relating to alternative service, this publication will give examples and highlight those practices that are exemplary. As conscientious objection to military service can, in certain circumstances, be recognized as a basis for refugee status under international refugee law, a chapter of this publication indicates the applicable standards.

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