Freedom from Fear

This journal aims to contribute to the advancement of knowledge and awareness of the international community's priority issues in the field of justice, crime prevention and human rights. The Magazine pursues the promotion of innovative dialogue by spreading awareness, creating consensus and a sense of shared responsibility of the problems that affect the global community. As a forum for long-term change, the Magazine endeavors to promote democratic values, civil stability, and aid the international community in developing actions towards greater peace, justice and security for all members of social, civil and political society.


Cybercrime-counterfeiting: The issue of “real-virtual’ interactions

Most professionals define cybercrime as: “Any illegal action in which a computer is the tool or object of the criminal offence.1 “However, this definition has the disadvantage of not taking into account the “offline world”. It means that many stakeholders, such as the French Customs, tend to broaden the de facto concept of cybercrime to acts that involve criminal flows, both in the real world and on the Internet, by using a computer. This broader view of cybercrime has the advantage of acknowledging - in theory - this type of crime in both the real and the virtual field. While the Internet is a difficult network to observe, assess and to conceptualize without technical intermediaries, it is reasonable to consider or assume that this broader view of cybercrime leads to a better understanding of the cyber phenomenon and its criminological implications. The well known phenomena of the counterfeiting of physical goods such as luxury goods (watches, cosmetics or accessories) and in the leisure industry (DVDs, video games or music), and its ramifications on the intersection of the real (factories and distribution networks) and the virtual (Internet), would then be especially relevant to unearthing many issues pertaining to cybercrime. Yet, with this hybrid vision of cybercrime it is quite the opposite that happens because reality tends rather to reflect the fragility of the binomial “Cybercrime - counterfeiting.”


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