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Norms of Protection

Responsibility to Protect, Protection of Civilians and their Interaction

image of Norms of Protection
A series of humanitarian tragedies in the 1990s (Somalia, Rwanda, Srebrenica, Kosovo) demonstrated the failure of the international community to protect civilians in the context of complex emergencies. These brought to life two norms of protection – Responsibility to Protect (R2P) and Protection of Civilians (POC) – both deeply rooted in the empathy that human beings have for the suffering of innocent people. Both norms raise concerns of misinterpretation and misuse. They are developing – sometimes in parallel, sometimes diverging and sometimes converging – with varying degrees of institutionalization and acceptance. This book engages in a profound comparative analysis of the norms and aims to serve policy-makers at various levels; practitioners with protective roles; academics and researchers; civil society and R2P and POC advocates.

English

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Foreword

Global governance is defined as the sum of norms, laws, policies and institutions that define, constitute and mediate international relations between and among people, society, market and the state – the wielders and objects of the exercise of international public power. It advances (and sometimes retreats) by filling (or widening) five analytical gaps: knowledge, norms, policies, institutions and compliance.

English

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