Resource Book on the Use of Force and Firearms in Law Enforcement

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This resource book explores international law sources relevant to the use of force and the general responsibility of law enforcement authorities for the use of force. It discusses a number of instruments of force, including firearms, and the conditions under which these should be used. It further examines the possible use of force in a number of specific policing situations. Finally, it also outlines good practices for accountability in the use of force and firearms by law enforcement officials.




The resource book is the result of a joint effort by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), with the financial and substantive support of the Swiss Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the financial support of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Norway. The publication benefited from information gathered at an expert meeting held in Vienna in May 2015, as well as through two regional expert meetings organized by the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights and UNODC, respectively in Buenos Aires, from 8 to 9 May 2014 and Tunis, from 26 to 28 January 2015.


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