Resource Book on the Use of Force and Firearms in Law Enforcement

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This resource book explores international law sources relevant to the use of force and the general responsibility of law enforcement authorities for the use of force. It discusses a number of instruments of force, including firearms, and the conditions under which these should be used. It further examines the possible use of force in a number of specific policing situations. Finally, it also outlines good practices for accountability in the use of force and firearms by law enforcement officials.



Independent oversight bodies

This chapter looks into different forms of external oversight. More and more countries have established independent bodies to oversee the performance of law enforcement agencies and investigate complaints against them. In order to be effective and enhance public confidence, such bodies should be fully independent of the institution(s) that they have a mandate to oversee; and have the (investigative) powers and resources to effectively carry out their work, including the power to access necessary people, places and documents, and make public recommendations on their findings.


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