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World Humanitarian Data and Trends 2017

image of World Humanitarian Data and Trends 2017

This publication highlights major trends in the nature of humanitarian crises, their underlying causes and drivers, and the actors that participate in prevention, response and recovery. Beyond providing statistics, the report uses infographics to display trend analyses that show how the humanitarian landscape is evolving and how the humanitarian system can be more effective. Data in the report come from a variety of sources and partners. The report provides an overview of the humanitarian landscape in terms of funding, capacity, crises and appeals; a 'regional perspectives' section and 'trends, challenges and opportunities' section, which provides a case study on issues that impact humanitarian operations. Highlights for 2017 include new case studies on explosive weapons, humanitarian and development financing in protracted crises, and sexual and reproductive health in emergencies.

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Impact of explosive weapons on civilian populations

In 2016, 70 per cent of deaths and injuries resulting from explosive weapons were civilian. In populated areas, this figure was even higher—92 per cent. The use of explosive weapons in populated areas results not only in immediate civilian death and injury, as well as damage and destruction of critical infrastructure and essential services, but also in long-term humanitarian consequences, such as the disruption of livelihoods, protracted displacement, disease and food insecurity. Explosive weapons can fail to detonate as intended and remain as ‘explosive remnants of war’ (ERW), which can kill and injure civilians years after hostilities have ended.

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