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World Humanitarian Data and Trends 2017

image of World Humanitarian Data and Trends 2017

This publication highlights major trends in the nature of humanitarian crises, their underlying causes and drivers, and the actors that participate in prevention, response and recovery. Beyond providing statistics, the report uses infographics to display trend analyses that show how the humanitarian landscape is evolving and how the humanitarian system can be more effective. Data in the report come from a variety of sources and partners. The report provides an overview of the humanitarian landscape in terms of funding, capacity, crises and appeals; a 'regional perspectives' section and 'trends, challenges and opportunities' section, which provides a case study on issues that impact humanitarian operations. Highlights for 2017 include new case studies on explosive weapons, humanitarian and development financing in protracted crises, and sexual and reproductive health in emergencies.

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Mobile phones for nutrition data collection

The Secretary-General, in his report One Humanity, Shared Responsibility, called for humanitarian action to be driven by shared data and analysis. The continuing proliferation of mobile phones creates opportunities for humanitarian actors to improve the use of existing technologies for data collection. Mobile phones can be used to collect nutrition data remotely to provide early warning of deteriorating nutrition situations—supporting global efforts to improve nutrition monitoring, with the goal of ending malnutrition by 2030. In Kenya, the World Food Programme and World Agroforestry Centre conducted remote surveys using mobile phones to collect nutrition data from women using the Minimum Dietary Diversity for Women indicator (MDD-W). The results showed that the nutrition data collected remotely via mobile phones were similar to the data collected in face-to-face (F2F) surveys and that women without mobile phones had fewer assets but did not have significantly lower MDD-W scores. This means that excluding people who do not own mobile phones had a minimal effect on survey results and collecting data via remote mobile phone survey had a minimal effect on nutritional estimates. As F2F surveys can be expensive and slow to collect, especially in conflict-affected areas, mobile phones provide an opportunity to collect data remotely about nutritionally vulnerable groups more effectively and efficiently.

English

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