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World Humanitarian Data and Trends 2017

image of World Humanitarian Data and Trends 2017

This publication highlights major trends in the nature of humanitarian crises, their underlying causes and drivers, and the actors that participate in prevention, response and recovery. Beyond providing statistics, the report uses infographics to display trend analyses that show how the humanitarian landscape is evolving and how the humanitarian system can be more effective. Data in the report come from a variety of sources and partners. The report provides an overview of the humanitarian landscape in terms of funding, capacity, crises and appeals; a 'regional perspectives' section and 'trends, challenges and opportunities' section, which provides a case study on issues that impact humanitarian operations. Highlights for 2017 include new case studies on explosive weapons, humanitarian and development financing in protracted crises, and sexual and reproductive health in emergencies.

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Natural disasters in 2016

There were roughly 37 fewer natural disasters in 2016 than in 2015. However, the number of people affected doubled from approximately 102 million in 2015 to 204 million in 2016. Despite a decrease in the number of natural disasters, the total damage experienced a marked increase, from $90 billion in 2015 to $147 billion in 2016. This is potentially a result of the impact of disasters in built-up areas. Two disaster categories increased: earthquakes and floods. Over the past three years, floods are the only type of disaster that has increased in number, a trend potentially related to climate change. In terms of regional impact, Asia and the Americas experienced the highest levels of natural disasters. Asia experienced almost twice as many disasters as the Americas, but approximately 95 million people were affected in each region. The top two countries by number of people affected by disasters were the United States (85.1 million) and China (72.1 million).

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