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Asia-Pacific Trade and Investment Report 2015

Supporting Participation in Value Chains

image of Asia-Pacific Trade and Investment Report 2015
Part I of this report assesses trends and developments in regional trade and investment flows and policies in an attempt to provide the insights and information necessary to separate the cyclical from the structural aspects. Part II analyses the participation of Asia-Pacific economies in global and regional value chains. By observing how economies at different levels of development have integrated into supply chains at different speeds and to varying extents, we can cast light on those policies that influence and shape value chain participation, and hence influence future patterns of trade and investment. The particular features of participation in value chains also have an impact on the ability of countries to access foreign technology and build innovative capacity, which in turn influences structural change and future development options.

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Structural shifts in regional foreign direct investment flow

By the end of 2015 global foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows are expected to move closer to their 2013 level, followed by a mild but stable climb in 2016 and 2017 (UNCTAD, 2015).1 The main drivers of this upward trend are found in improved growth prospects in the United States, the demand-stimulating effects of lower oil prices, accommodating monetary policy, and continued investment liberalization and promotion measures. However in 2014 these factors were not strong enough to prevent the FDI inflow falling by 16% to $1.23 trillion (figure 3.1).

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