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Assessing Regional Integration in Africa III

Towards Monetary and Financial Integration in Africa

image of Assessing Regional Integration in Africa III

This report finds that although there are some successes, African countries are still experiencing enormous difficulties in achieving the macroeconomic convergence criteria set by their RECs, such as targets on inflation, debt-to-GDP ratio, and deficit-to-GDP ratio. The assessment also indicates that despite some financial developments, African financial market activities remain shallow, with capital markets characterized by low capitalization and liquidity. The report also provides policymakers with recommendations on how to deepen monetary and financial integration on the continent and create an enabling macroeconomic environment for the continent.

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Financial integration in Africa

Strong financial markets and institutions play an important role in supporting economic development, because they enhance the exchange of goods and services, the mobilization of resources (both domestic and international), the efficient allocation of factors of production, and the diversification of risk. The economic literature shows strong evidence of a positive relationship between developed financial markets and economic growth.

English

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