Assessing Regional Integration in Africa IV

Enhancing Intra-African Trade

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The publication seeks to address the pressing issues that are negatively affecting trade amongst African countries. It undertakes a comprehensive empirical analysis of intra-African trade to determine why it has remained consistently low over the past decades. The report proposes concrete recommendations, to be implemented by member States, Regional Economic Communities (RECs), members of the private-sector, and other stakeholders in Africa’s development. It also analyses the various policy issues and other factors that have affected intra-African trade.



Theoretical perspectives on trade, growth and poverty reduction

The consensus in the theoretical literature is that trade promotes economic growth and reduces poverty, because it behaves as a channel through which surplusnational production can exchange the products of other countries. Trade also encourages the allocation of resources based on the perceived comparative advantages of participating countries and drives economic growth. Participating countries derive significant welfare gains from trading.


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