Assessing Regional Integration in Africa IV

Enhancing Intra-African Trade

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The publication seeks to address the pressing issues that are negatively affecting trade amongst African countries. It undertakes a comprehensive empirical analysis of intra-African trade to determine why it has remained consistently low over the past decades. The report proposes concrete recommendations, to be implemented by member States, Regional Economic Communities (RECs), members of the private-sector, and other stakeholders in Africa’s development. It also analyses the various policy issues and other factors that have affected intra-African trade.



Trade facilitation and intra-African trade

In recent years, the volume of goods moving across borders and the value of international trade globally have increased exponentially. Yet African countries’ trade with the rest of the world has declined from 10 per cent in 1950 to about 2.5 per cent in 2008. Trade within the African continent also has been meager. Recent data show that on average over the past decades, intra-African trade stands at about 10 to 12per cent. Compared with other world regions, Africa’s trade performance inside its borders needs substantial improvement.


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