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Challenges and Opportunities for Trade and Financial Integration in Asia and the Pacific

image of Challenges and Opportunities for Trade and Financial Integration in Asia and the Pacific
This book brings together chapters that explore various aspects of trade and financial integration in Asia and the Pacific, the reasons for the lack of it, and potential benefits of strengthening such integration. The book focuses on the exploration of challenges and opportunities that exist in intraregional trade in goods, integration in services trade, availability of trade finance as well as inflows of portfolio investments. The papers have been written by researchers who have applied their extensive expertise and analytical skills to studying the impacts of regional trade liberalization and motivation for financial flows.

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Exploring the impacts of trade liberalization in Asia and the Pacific

While it is commonly accepted that multilateral liberalization will bring the greatest global gains from liberalization, regional agreements may be much more feasible in the short term. The dictum from the traditional trade theory on the superiority of unilaterally applied free trade for a small economy under perfect competition is universally accepted but rarely applied to policymaking. Reasons for this are many, ranging from using trade policy for noneconomic objectives (e.g., employment), to circumstances in an actual economy and markets being different from those of the economic model (e.g., existence of economies of scale, imperfect competition or imperfect information). Nevertheless many countries have embraced the advantages of open trade regimes and have pursued liberal trade unilaterally or more often through membership in the multilateral trading system, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the World Trade Organization (WTO). On the other hand, both trade theory and the international trading rules allow for the discriminatory trade policies in the forms of preferential or regional trade agreements.

English

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