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Export Promotion and the WTO

A Brief Guide

image of Export Promotion and the WTO

This study focuses on export promotion schemes that developing countries may use without violating international trade rules. It examines the rules themselves – the World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures for industrial goods and the Agreement on Agriculture for agricultural products – and looks at schemes currently in place in the developing world.

English

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Introduction

Starting with the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in 1947, successive rounds of multilateral negotiations have brought increasing trade liberalization, mainly by lowering tariff levels around the world. Domestic industries that were previously protected by high tariffs face growing international competition and the struggle for foreign markets has intensified. In an increasingly competitive world, it is crucial, particularly for developing countries, to know what types of instruments to encourage exports are available, or might be available, under existing international trade rules.

English

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