Export Quality Management

A Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Exporters - Second Edition

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This publication seeks to provide small- and medium-sized exporters in developing countries and transition economies with a comprehensive understanding of crucial quality-related issues linked to the quality infrastructure. Structured in a question and answer format, the book answers 95 frequently asked questions by exporters about quality, technical requirements (standards, technical regulations, sanitary and phytosanitary measures), management systems, conformity assessment (testing, inspection, certification), metrology, accreditation, and the WTO Agreements on Technical Barriers to Trade and the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures.

English Spanish, French


What is the relationship between standards, technical regulations, and SPS measures?

The terminology of standards, technical regulations and SPS measures is frequently a source of confusion. Common usage of these expressions in many countries does not necessarily correspond to the specific legal meanings given to them in the TBT and SPS Agreements. For example, many countries have official food standards that must be obeyed, whereas the TBT Agreement says that compliance with ‘standards’ (as defined in that Agreement) is not mandatory. Furthermore, the word carries different meanings even in the SPS and TBT Agreements. To understand the relationship between the various terms in the context of the WTO rules, it is necessary to look at the Agreements separately.

English Spanish, French

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