Exporting Automotive Components

An Answer Book for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises

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This publication is the ultimate question and answer book for small and medium-sized enterprises interested in exporting automobile components. It contains information on types of automotive parts, export market, and ways to capture the automobile components market. Other topics covered by this publication include the fundamentals of exporting, information sources on industry trends, buyers and suppliers, Internet directories, e-commerce and online procurement, and packaging and labeling.

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What are some global trends in the automotive industry’s supply chain?

Over the past decade, the global automotive industry supply chain has become more complex, and is heading towards increasing streamlining with enormous changes in the roles and responsibilities of suppliers. Automakers no longer manufacture the majority of parts in a vehicle. Today’s vehicles may consist of close to 12,000 individual parts, provided by a wide-ranging network of suppliers. To supply the various systems and components, the parts industry has traditionally been organized along a threetiered structure. Original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) design and assemble cars. A tier 1 producer manufactures and supplies components directly to the assembler and is normally characterized as a systems developer. A tier 2 manufacturer builds discrete parts or subsystems and supplies these to independent or affiliated tier one producers. Tier 3 consists of raw materials and services suppliers. All car companies normally perform assembly and key tier 1 operations.

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