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Foreign Direct Investment in Latin America and the Caribbean 2011

image of Foreign Direct Investment in Latin America and the Caribbean 2011
As in previous years, this report provides a quantitative overview of foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows and examines these capital flows by destination economic sector and geographical area of origin. It describes the pattern of FDI originating in the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, focusing on the international expansion under way at some of the region’s major companies, the so-called trans-Latins. The main theme of this report is the operations of European companies in Latin American and Caribbean. The report examines the behaviour and strategy of the major European transnationals and, in search of a more thorough understanding, takes a detailed look at two sectors where foreign capital, especially from Europe, plays a substantial role: commercial banking and power.

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Regional overview of foreign direct investment

In 2011, US$ 153.991 billion in foreign direct investment (FDI) flowed into Latin America and the Caribbean. At 28% more than in 2010, these capital flows grew more rapidly than those for any other region in the world, and the region’s share of total world FDI rose to 10%. The bulk of the increase in inward FDI for the region went to Brazil, which received US$ 66.66 billion, but all subregions and almost all the leading economies benefited from stronger inflows. Outward FDI (direct investments made abroad by companies based in the region) fell to US$ 22.605 billion and were impacted by the trend in Brazil, where the FDI outflow turned negative.

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