Foreign Direct Investment in Latin America and the Caribbean 2017

image of Foreign Direct Investment in Latin America and the Caribbean 2017

This publication sets out and analyses the main foreign direct investment (FDI) trends in the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. The 2017 edition shows that the region is at a difficult juncture. FDI inflows declined by 7.9% in 2016, to US$ 167.043 billion, representing a cumulative fall of 17.0% since the peak in 2011. The fall in commodity prices continues to affect investments in natural resources, sluggish economic growth in several countries has slowed the flow of market-seeking capital, and the global backdrop of technological sophistication and expansion of the digital economy has concentrated transnational investments in developed economies.

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Disruptive change in a leading sector: Relocation, business models and technological revolution in the global automotive industry

A new global economy has emerged in recent decades. While globalization was continuously expanding, many manufacturing activities were relocated from their countries of origin to developing economies with the aim of cutting costs. Nonetheless, as this model is increasingly being called into question —and the concept of post-globalization gains traction— greater attention is now being paid to the location of manufacturing activity for the creation of production linkages, the development of scientific and technological capacities and the dynamism of innovation in national economies (Pisano and Shih, 2009). International enterprises place ever-greater value on these factors in their location decisions; and several advanced countries have renewed their interest in industrial policy to boost the competitiveness of their manufacturing sector.

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