Frequently asked questions about the guiding principles on business and human rights

image of Frequently asked questions about the guiding principles on business and human rights
In June 2011, the United Nations Human Rights Council endorsed the Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, establishing them as the global expected standard of conduct with regard to business impact on human rights. The Guiding Principles were developed based on six years of research and global multi-stakeholder consultations. These Frequently Asked Questions aim to support stakeholder uptake and understanding of the Guiding Principles. This publication is not intended as an operational guide, and does not change or add to the provisions of the Guiding Principles, but it provides additional background explanation to support a full understanding of their meaning and intent. This FAQ is a resource developed for a general audience and aims to be relevant for all stakeholders, including business, governments, civil society, investors, lawyers and others who are interested in business and human rights issues.

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Access to remedy

One of the fundamental principles of the international human rights system is that victims must have access to an effective remedy when their rights have been violated. Remedy for human rights harm refers to both the processes of providing remedy for an adverse human rights impact and the substantive outcomes that can counteract, or make good, the impact. The Guiding Principles affirm that the State duty to protect rights includes ensuring that, if companies abuse human rights, States will provide a robust and appropriate remedy to those affected, through judicial, administrative, legislative or other appropriate means, when such abuses occur within their territory and/or jurisdiction.

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