Guide to Geographical Indications

Linking Products and their Origins

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The guide is a reference book that provides a comprehensive view of all aspects of the cotton value chain from a market perspective, and an overview of the world cotton market. It outlines factors influencing supply and demand, and market trends; considers major issues of the sector, including trade policy and WTO issues; deals with textile processing of cotton, cotton quality and its determinants, and cotton contamination; covers various aspects of cotton trading and export marketing; looks at e-commerce, the ICE Futures U.S. and other futures markets for cotton; reviews the market for different types of cotton, including organic cotton; presents market profiles of the main importing countries in Asia (Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Thailand) and Turkey, with recommendations on how to approach their cotton-consuming textile industries. Annexes contain a list of international cotton associations, as well as lists of useful addresses and web resources.

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Geographical Indications (GIs) – definitions and overview

Most of us know of many products that represent a GI and yet may not be aware of their ubiquitousness. They range from Champagne, Scotch whisky, and Port wine to Idaho potatoes, Roquefort cheese, and Kona coffee. All are registered Geographical Indications (GIs), sometimes called appellations, that represent a very successful form of differentiation and competitive advantage in today’s markets. GIs are a unique expression of local agro-ecological and cultural characteristics that have come to be valued and protected in many countries throughout the world. Besides the well-known GIs from more developed regions, there are also a number from developing regions such as Darjeeling tea, Aranyik knives, Basmati rice, and Pisco liquor. However, not all GIs are popular or successful.

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