Least Developed Countries and Trade

Challenges of Implementing the Bali Package

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After more than a decade of negotiations, the Ninth Ministerial Conference, held in Bali in 2013, brought reprieve for the Doha Development Agenda (DDA). The Ministerial Declaration that was agreed on, known as “Bali Package”, intends to help streamline trade procedures through trade facilitation measures as well as provide developing countries with more options on food security. The objective Is to boost least developed countries (LDC) trade through special provisions known as “LDC Package”, which comprises two parts. Part I relates to TRIPS, e-commerce, small economies, Aid-for-Trade, and trade and transfer of technology. Part II includes selected items from the original DDA that States agreed on.




The initial stimulus for this publication came at the “High-level Meeting on Reviving Multilateralism - Bali and Beyond” organized by United Nations ESCAP on 19 November 2013 in Bangkok. This notion was reconfirmed during an ARTNeT seminar on “What trade and trade rules are needed for inclusive and sustainable development”, which was organized on 5 December 2013 as part of the ICTSD Trade and Development Symposium in Bali, Indonesia during the Ninth Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization (WTO).


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