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Least Developed Countries and Trade

Challenges of Implementing the Bali Package

image of Least Developed Countries and Trade
After more than a decade of negotiations, the Ninth Ministerial Conference, held in Bali in 2013, brought reprieve for the Doha Development Agenda (DDA). The Ministerial Declaration that was agreed on, known as “Bali Package”, intends to help streamline trade procedures through trade facilitation measures as well as provide developing countries with more options on food security. The objective Is to boost least developed countries (LDC) trade through special provisions known as “LDC Package”, which comprises two parts. Part I relates to TRIPS, e-commerce, small economies, Aid-for-Trade, and trade and transfer of technology. Part II includes selected items from the original DDA that States agreed on.

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Introduction and overview

The Doha Development Agenda (DDA) was born in a multilateral trading system that was marred by “unfinished business” from the Uruguay Round. The playing field was not level for all the players, which as a result pushed the ambition of the DDA rather high. It was seen as an opportunity to adapt the trading regime to the development needs of the members. As the negotiations progressed, this focus on development strengthened, in particular with regard to issues that were of greater interest to the least developed countries (LDCs).

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