Navigating Non-Tariff Measures

Insights from a Business Survey in the European Union

image of Navigating Non-Tariff Measures

This work examines how non-tariff measures (NTMs) applied by the European Union’s major trading partners impacts EU exporters of goods—results are based on a survey of 8,100 companies from across 26 sectors in the EU’s 28 member states—describes the survey methodology; presents the main results obtained in terms of impact on EU companies, by type of NTM, effects on companies of different sizes, particularly micro, small and medium-sized enterprises; draws conclusions on the importance of the role of the EU’s negotiating agenda and implementation work to facilitate international trade. It includes survey data statistics and bibliographical references.



Context and rationale

In a global context of increasing economic liberalization, the importance of trade barriers resulting from non-tariff measures (NTMs) has risen in recent decades. Non-tariff measures refer to government regulations that affect exports and imports. For the most part, these are non-discriminatory regulations aimed at preserving security and health of consumers or the environment. While such regulations are most often perfectly legal and legitimate, compliance with differing requirements across countries might be complex and costly for companies seeking to export, particularly for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error