Navigating Non-Tariff Measures

Insights from a Business Survey in the European Union

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This work examines how non-tariff measures (NTMs) applied by the European Union’s major trading partners impacts EU exporters of goods—results are based on a survey of 8,100 companies from across 26 sectors in the EU’s 28 member states—describes the survey methodology; presents the main results obtained in terms of impact on EU companies, by type of NTM, effects on companies of different sizes, particularly micro, small and medium-sized enterprises; draws conclusions on the importance of the role of the EU’s negotiating agenda and implementation work to facilitate international trade. It includes survey data statistics and bibliographical references.



Survey methodology and implementation

The ITC NTM Survey sample frame has been constructed from two comprehensive registers, obtained from Dun & Bradstreet (DnB) and Kompass, to compile the maximum number of exporting companies with key information such as the sector of activity, the company size and, most importantly, the contact details. The combined dataset was harmonized by sector and company size, and expanded with the EU Combined Nomenclature. The final sample frame consisted of more than 266,069 exporting companies from the 28 EU Member States.


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