Regulatory and Procedural Barriers to Trade in Kazakhstan

image of Regulatory and Procedural Barriers to Trade in Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan’s trade performance can grow by focusing on its domestic capacity to trade, according to a survey of companies and state agencies undertaken by ITC and the UN Economic Commission for Europe. Those surveyed seek stronger trade regulations and procedures, better transport and logistical services, and infrastructure for standardization, quality assurance, accreditation and metrology. Capacity building and enhanced public-private sector consultation would benefit state agencies, exporting and importing companies, transport and logistics providers. Technical requirements and conformity assessment are top reported obstacles by Kazakh companies. Rules and certificates of origin challenge manufacturing exporters, while quantitative restrictions affect agro-food exporters.



Non-tariff measure classification

Importing countries are very idiosyncratic in the ways they apply non-tariff measures. This called for an international taxonomy of NTMs, which was prepared by a group of technical experts from eight international organizations, including the Food and Agriculture Organization, the International Monetary Fund, the International Trade Centre, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), the United Nations Industrial Development Organization, the World Bank and the World Trade Organization. It was finalized in November 2009 and is used to collect, classify, analyse and disseminate information on NTMs received from official sources, e.g. government regulations. For the purpose of the large-scale company surveys on NTMs, ITC uses a simplified version of this international classification.


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