Regulatory and Procedural Barriers to Trade in Kazakhstan

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Kazakhstan’s trade performance can grow by focusing on its domestic capacity to trade, according to a survey of companies and state agencies undertaken by ITC and the UN Economic Commission for Europe. Those surveyed seek stronger trade regulations and procedures, better transport and logistical services, and infrastructure for standardization, quality assurance, accreditation and metrology. Capacity building and enhanced public-private sector consultation would benefit state agencies, exporting and importing companies, transport and logistics providers. Technical requirements and conformity assessment are top reported obstacles by Kazakh companies. Rules and certificates of origin challenge manufacturing exporters, while quantitative restrictions affect agro-food exporters.




Stretching over 2.7 million square kilometres, Kazakhstan is the ninth largest country in the world, the second largest country in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) after the Russian Federation, and the largest economy in Central Asia. It also has an impressive income growth record since 2001. Its economy remains heavily reliant on raw materials for income generation, with oil, ferrous and non-ferrous metals, grains, coal and ores accounting for over 80 per cent of total exports in recent years.


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