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Regulatory and Procedural Barriers to Trade in Kazakhstan

image of Regulatory and Procedural Barriers to Trade in Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan’s trade performance can grow by focusing on its domestic capacity to trade, according to a survey of companies and state agencies undertaken by ITC and the UN Economic Commission for Europe. Those surveyed seek stronger trade regulations and procedures, better transport and logistical services, and infrastructure for standardization, quality assurance, accreditation and metrology. Capacity building and enhanced public-private sector consultation would benefit state agencies, exporting and importing companies, transport and logistics providers. Technical requirements and conformity assessment are top reported obstacles by Kazakh companies. Rules and certificates of origin challenge manufacturing exporters, while quantitative restrictions affect agro-food exporters.

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Introduction to non-tariff measures and ITC company survey results in Kazakhstan

With global economic liberalization and a general trend towards tariff elimination, the relative importance of trade barriers resulting from nontariff measures (NTMs) has risen in recent decades. NTMs cover a wide range of policies, including those aimed at limiting trade and market access (e.g. quantitative restrictions and trade remedies) and those put in place to reach public policy objectives (e.g. sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures, technical requirements and related conformity assessment). Furthermore, importing countries – particularly developed ones – implement regulations in response to consumer demands to know more about the properties and quality of the products they purchase.

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