Global Material Sourcing for the Clothing Industry

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This guide deals with the dynamics of the global textiles and clothing supply chain, including the need for garment manufacturers to develop alternative sourcing and supply management approaches. The publication reviews historical background; discusses China’s advantage in the international garment industry; explains different stages involved in material sourcing process; and discusses politics of trade. It also includes case studies; summary of United States rules of origin; measures and conversions, and a glossary of shipping and related terms.

English Spanish, French



The textile and clothing (T&C) sector faces tremendous future challenges as the legal framework that has governed imports from developing countries for the past four decades prepares for monumental change. In the past, developing countries were limited in their export efforts by quantitative restrictions determined by stringent bilaterally negotiated quotas stipulated in binding agreements. From 2005 onwards, imports from World Trade Organization (WTO) member countries will no longer be restricted by quotas. Quantitative limits on T&C exports from developing countries will be abolished and trade will be governed by General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)/WTO rules. Although tariffs will still be in place, the liberalization of the T&C sector by means of quota abolition is a decisive step towards free trade. But just what does the liberalization of the T&C sector mean to the market and its players?

English Spanish, French

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