Trade and Development Report 1981

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This publication identifies the key issues in the global economy and the design of development strategies addressed in the Trade and Development Report over the past three decades, tracing them through its various editions. It shows how ideas, opinions and proposals expressed in the Trade and Development Report, and the analytical approaches used, differed from those of “the mainstream” and their evolution in response to new challenges. This review revisits the concept of interdependence and explains the approach of the reports to macroeconomic and financial policies in both developed and developing countries. It also summarizes development policy failures and successes over the years.



Shipping: Structural change against the background of long-term trends

Transport in general and shipping in particular are important aspects of international economic relations. Indeed, the structure and direction of trade and the organization of the shipping markets are closely linked and interdependent. It is not surprising, therefore, that countries which seek to improve their relative position in international trade have paid particular attention to the development of their merchant fleets. The structure of the world shippng market, however, has not made it easy for developing countries to increase their participation in the world carriage of seaborne foods. This section reviews developments in the world fleet ownership and technological changes in the shipping sector.


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