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Trade and Environment Review 2016

Fish Trade

image of Trade and Environment Review 2016

The Trade and Environment Review 2016 addresses the matter of harmful incentives, primarily in terms of Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing and fisheries subsidies, as an important part of the toolkit to restore fish populations, foster sustainable fisheries and deliver substantial economic and social gains. The Review proposes developing an overarching traceability system of traded fish from vessel to final consumer, as key to arresting and eliminating IUU fishing, but notes the requirement for major upgrading of institutional and technical implementation capacities, which may be difficult for some countries with fewer financial resources. On subsidies, there should be full transparency and disclosure of all fisheries subsidies, which should be classified in order to identify and distinguish those that are harmful or not. Efforts to discipline capacity-enhancing subsidies should be exerted at the national, regional and global levels of governance and, given previous intransience on this issue, a group of countries in partnership with organizations such as the WTO, UNCTAD and the FAO could stimulate collective actions with bottom-up voluntary commitments to subsidy reform.

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Executive Summary

For the next 15 years, the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the achievement of the related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will command international attention. Achieving the 17 global goals and 169 related targets requires, inter alia, careful assessment and practical suggestions on implementing this transformative agenda on a global scale on an urgent basis. In this direction, UNCTAD’s 2016 Trade and Environment Review brings together a collection of independent articles by leading experts providing succinct diagnosis and novel suggestions on the implementation of SDG 14 which seeks to “Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources”.

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