International Trade Forum

The International Trade Forum is the magazine of the International Trade Centre (ITC). It focuses on trade promotion and export development, as part of ITC’s technical cooperation programme with developing countries and economies in transition. The magazine is published quarterly since 1964 in English, French and Spanish.


Voluntary standards and development

What are private voluntary standards? In a nutshell they are guidelines that can be applied to processes and production methods, and submitted for independent certification. These voluntary standards are developed by non-governmental entities such as businesses, not-for-profit organizations or multi-stakeholder initiatives. Voluntary standards today cover everything from cocoa and tea to cotton and textiles, but they also cover issues such as labour and greenhouse gas emissions.


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