World Investment Report 1991

The Triad in Foreign Direct Investment

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This Report analyses the phenomenal growth of world foreign direct investment in the 1980s. In particular, it focuses on the Triad - the United States, the EC and Japan - which accounted for four-fifths of all foreign direct investment to the rest of the world in that period. One significant discovery of this study is that the United States is now the largest recipient country of foreign direct investment. Inflows come mainly from the EC and Japan. However, its position as a source country has declined dramatically.




Is the New World of international economic relations also ruled by the logic of a triad? Certainly, the concept of a triad has been prominent in recent discussions of the evolution of international trade relations and corporate strategies. Does the logic of a triad apply in the world of foreign direct investment as well? As yet, there have been no empirical investigations of this question, which carries important policy implications. The present volume analyses the Triad (Japan, the European Community and the United States) in terms of foreign direct investment, looks at the role transnational corporations play in promoting regional economic integration around the three poles of the Triad, describes the linkages between foreign direct investment and trade, technology and financial flows, and highlights policy implications for developing countries and the international community.


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