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World Investment Report 2002

Transnational Corporations and Export Competitiveness

image of World Investment Report 2002

This report is recognized worldwide as an authoritative source of information and analysis on foreign direct investment. This year’s Report focuses on the role of transnational corporations (TNCs) in the export competitiveness of developing countries. It analyzes the latest trends in international trade, and identifies the countries and sectors in which TNCs have driven export performance. Relevant strategies and policy options for developing countries are presented to help attract export-oriented FDI and benefit from it.

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Global trends

Global foreign direct investment (FDI) flows declined sharply in 2001. Inflows fell by 51 per cent and outflows by 55 per cent. This reversal ? after steady growth since 1991 and very large rises in 1999 and 2000 ? reflects two factors: the slowing of economic activity in major industrial economies and a sharp decrease in their stock market activity. These combined to slow down new international investment, particularly the cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&As) that have driven recent FDI. Developed countries have borne the brunt of declining FDI (59 per cent) but developing countries have also suffered (although only by a relatively small 14 per cent). The economies in transition of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) are the only ones to have remained immune to this general downturn (a 2 per cent increase).

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