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World Investment Report 2013

Global Value Chains - Investment and Trade for Development

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The World Investment Report 2013 (WIR13) presents the latest data and analysis of trends in foreign direct investment (FDI) and related policies. The Report analyses the sharp decline in global FDI flows in 2012, which was particularly marked among developed countries. As a consequence, developing economies received more FDI than developed countries for the first time ever. Moreover, developing countries were the source of almost one third of global FDI flows. Over the period 2013–2014, FDI flows are projected to rise moderately. However, a number of potentially destabilizing factors may add to the uncertain outlook for the global economy and thus constrain the pace of FDI recovery

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Global value chains: Investment and trade for development

About 60 per cent of global trade, which today amounts to more than $20 trillion, consists of trade in intermediate goods and services that are incorporated at various stages in the production process of goods and services for final consumption. The fragmentation of production processes and the international dispersion of tasks and activities within them have led to the emergence of borderless production systems – which may be sequential chains or complex networks and which may be global, regional or span only two countries. These systems are commonly referred to as global value chains (GVCs).

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