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A New Global Partnership for Development

Factoring in the Contribution of Migration

image of A New Global Partnership for Development

Part A of this report provides a systematic update of the evidence base regarding migration’s relevance to and impact on the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In doing so, it considers the role of migration as an enabler of development through a number of different channels – monetary and social remittances, the act of migrating and the impacts on those left behind. Part B takes the debate a step further by first presenting argumentation for why migration is important and why mobility should be a component of the post-2015 development agenda.

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Introduction

International migration is frequently discussed in association with development. There are some 232 million international migrants in the world (UN DESA, 2013b), and, when internal mobility is included, this number jumps to one in seven people on the planet. These numbers emphasize the increasing significance of migration. Yet, the topic remains a complex phenomenon. Great variations in the conditions faced by migrants are mirrored in its developmental impacts. Furthermore, migration can also be seen as a product of development. From the early movements of hunter-gatherers, to urbanization processes triggered by the industrial revolution, to the movement of health workers triggered by ageing populations, mobility is a core part of the human experience.

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