Bordering on Control

Combating Irregular Migration in North America and Europe

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This publication evaluates the cost-effectiveness of both external and internal migration-control instruments in the USA, Canada, Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. It discusses whether increased spending on Official Development Assistance would reduce migration flows to those countries and proposes recommendations on how migration management objectives can be achieved.



Executive summary

The literature on migration and asylum has grown even more rapidly than the number of migrants themselves, who are its subject. Much of academic literature is normative, often concluding that globalization, transnationalism, or expanding human rights regimes are eroding the capacity and the will of nation states to control entries across their borders. Other sources, such as government and NGO reports, examine particular aspects of migration, from the cost-effectiveness of border controls to the actual functioning of the asylum system.


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