Bordering on Control

Combating Irregular Migration in North America and Europe

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This publication evaluates the cost-effectiveness of both external and internal migration-control instruments in the USA, Canada, Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. It discusses whether increased spending on Official Development Assistance would reduce migration flows to those countries and proposes recommendations on how migration management objectives can be achieved.



UK: Limit entries, limit problems

The United Kingdom has also been attracting increasing numbers of foreigners. In 1999, the government raised projected net immigration from 65,000 to 135,000 a year, and net immigration topped this range in 2000 at 183,000. The UK has traditionally had an island strategy to deal with unwanted foreigners – tight screening at ports of entry, and relatively few internal controls. This policy has been sorely tested in recent years, especially by foreigners arriving from continental Europe on trains, trucks and other vehicles, and applying for asylum. The UK has dealt with the issue in two ways: preventing the entry of foreigners who may seek asylum, and changing the asylum system. To limit the employment of illegal foreign workers the government is combining carrot and stick: larger programmes and stricter enforcement.


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