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Fatal journeys

Tracking lives lost during migration

image of Fatal journeys
In October 2013, over 400 people lost their lives in two highly publicized shipwrecks close to the Italian island of Lampedusa, but sadly, they are not isolated incidents. Estimates in 2013 and 2014 reach close to 6,500 lost lives of migrants in border regions around the world. Many deaths occur in remote areas and are never reported. This publication investigates how border-related deaths are documented, who is documenting them, and what can be done to improve the evidence base to encourage informed accountability, policy and practice. Included are migration routes through Central America to the United States, with a focus on the United States–Mexico border region; the southern European Union bordering the Mediterranean; routes from sub-Saharan Africa to North Africa; routes taken by migrants emigrating from the Horn of Africa towards the Gulf or Southern Africa; and the waters surrounding Australia.

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From Sub-Saharan Africa through North Africa: Tracking deaths along the way

The sub-Saharan African migratory flows going north from both the western and the eastern (including the Horn of Africa) sides of the continent have been changing in recent years, partly in response to variable migration policies and the modification of control and repression measures along the route. These changes have traced new maritime and overland routes for irregular migrants, organized by criminal networks using local go-betweens and smugglers, and involving collusion between themselves, and at times police, soldiers and other stakeholders.

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