Journeys of Jeopardy

A Review of Research on Trafficking in Women and Children in Europe

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This report by Professor Elizabeth Kelly assesses the current state of knowledge on the trafficking of women and children in Europe. It states that, despite growing interest and concern, information is still limited on the scale of trafficking, the methods it uses, and the most effective means to counter it. The report identifies a number of priorities for further research, including the structure of criminal groups and their methods, state compliance with relevant international laws, and an evaluation of the effectiveness of counter-trafficking initiatives.



Prevention and awareness raising

Increasing efforts have been devoted to the raising of awareness and the prevention of trafficking, focused primarily on countries of origin, and young people. The major part of such work has been undertaken by IOM or La Strada, with both having conducted basic research prior to running campaigns. Most of these studies point to a high level of general awareness, and even of local cases (see, for example Stulhofer and Raboteg-Saric, 2002 for Croatia; Renton, 2001 for Albania). According to the IOM study on Lithuania (2001), 10 per cent of young Lithuanians had come across the issue of trafficking and almost 9 per cent were aware of direct attempts to recruit women. The primary sources of knowledge are the news media, highlighting their significance in counter trafficking efforts, and through friends and neighbours. However, much media reporting tends to be salacious, and uses language and imagery which constructs trafficked women in negative and unsympathetic ways.


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