Journeys of Jeopardy

A Review of Research on Trafficking in Women and Children in Europe

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This report by Professor Elizabeth Kelly assesses the current state of knowledge on the trafficking of women and children in Europe. It states that, despite growing interest and concern, information is still limited on the scale of trafficking, the methods it uses, and the most effective means to counter it. The report identifies a number of priorities for further research, including the structure of criminal groups and their methods, state compliance with relevant international laws, and an evaluation of the effectiveness of counter-trafficking initiatives.



The organization of trafficking: Flows, routes and recruitment

The increase in trafficking in Europe over the last decade includes many European countries becoming major sources for trafficked women and girls and centres of trafficking networks. This is not to ignore the importance of trafficking from Asia, Africa and South America, but it stresses that the issue of both supply and demand is now firmly located within Europe. In principle, such a situation should have contributed to the strengthening of law enforcement mechanisms, yet, as later sections will demonstrate, this has not happened.


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